The first Think NEXUS Workshop took place in the Walter E. Washington Convention Center, Washington D.C. on 10th July 2019, in parallel with the GCTC Expo. During the Workshop, the 3 Expert Groups had their first round of face-to-face discussions, which focused on fostering future EU-US collaboration over NGI thematic areas.
Regarding the Policy Expert Group roundtable, the group started the day by identifying the topics / areas that were considered of relevance for the discussions. Thus, the first exchanges within the policy group tackled the identification of the main challenges the internet will have to face in the next 5 to 10 years.
Furthermore, this workshop enabled the experts to identify a first set of key challenges that are to be further explored within the next developments of the project.
NGI cooperation support schemes:
As a first observation, experts noted that EU and US innovation support schemes were intrinsically different when considering NGI. Transversal cooperation between research, industries and policy makers has no equivalent in the US. Moreover, most bilateral cooperation schemes do not provide funding for the other part, i.e., the EC finances EU stakeholders and US agencies their nationals. Thus, joint or coordinated funding schemes are lacking for allowing EU/US cooperation, notably concerning entrepreneurship support.
Key parameters: (1) Trust management in complexities environments; (2) Security intelligent trade-off (efficiency / security); and (3) Pilot Project in the field of Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLTs).
US and EU standardization bodies’ collaboration across NGI technologies:
As the NGI initiative explores new fields and technologies that are creating new international standards. These NGI-related technologies could confer with the opportunities to EU and US standardization bodies to set cooperation mechanisms breaking out silos and, thus, fostering the fast-tracking of standards, benefiting both sides in the international competition.
Key parameters: (1) IoT developments and NGI principles integration; and (2) Standardization bodies cooperation mechanisms.
Developing a common language on Artificial Intelligence:
AI is a major technology the NGI builds upon. As such, the development of solutions generate a new field of ruling for policy makers. However, the semantics behind AI-technologies and applications are not shared between both sides of the Atlantic (and event within each region itself). Cooperation on AI taxonomy could confer the opportunity to better tie EU and US developments and mutual understanding, thus fostering this technology’s growth.
Key parameters: (1) Translating AI developments in understandable terms for policy makers; (2) Algorithm fairness & transparency; and (3) Identifying the data per AI applications.
Building cooperation upon shared values:
The questions of trust and security in online voting systems as well as the ‘social cybersecurity’ (tackling aspects such as misinformation, etc.) of citizens were notably deemed as relevant within EU/US collaboration schemes, in line with the values these regions share.
In conclusion, the Expert Group agreed that there are many options for transatlantic collaboration, and it was discussed which topics and areas are most suitable for collaboration initiatives.
Key parameters: (1) Trust management in complexities environments; (2) GDPR / Californian policy; (3) Security intelligent trade-off (efficiency / security); (4) Pilot Project in the field of Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLTs); (5) Digital divide.
Stay tuned to know more about the outcomes of the Expert Group discussions!